Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

SPCL 7914: Session 5 - Unit 2, continued: Assessment of Literacy in Emergent Bilinguals

Open Educational Resource (OER) created for Professor Elizalde-Utnick's SPCL 7914 course.


In this session we explore strategies for assessing literacy skills (i.e., reading and writing) emergent bilingual students' languages. We will begin with a quiz and then discuss the material and assessment procedures.

Session Slides

Reflecting on the Readings

1. Describe the theories that explain the receptive-expressive gap in bilingual children with and without primary language development.

2. What did Gibson and colleagues find in their study of bilingual children?

3. Describe Klingner's approach to distinguishing language acquisition from learning disabilities.

4. Describe some of the misconceptions about English language learners.

False Cognates Can Confuse English Language Learners

False cognates are words that appear similar across languages but have different meanings.

For a list of false cognates in Spanish, go to:

For a list of false cognates in French go to: