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Outline Module 2
In this module the importance of self-awareness in effective and culturally competent counseling is discussed. Students assess their own values and belief systems, biases, and privilege. Students are exposed to an introduction to the important concept of intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1991).
This module is designed to focus on the AMCD Multicultural Competencies, domain IA: Counselor Awareness of Own Cultural Values and Biases.
Video: Intersectionality 101
Everyone Has Bias
Trawinski, Cindy. (2015, Sept. 4) Everyone Has Bias. lifeworks. Retrieved from: https://www.lifeworkspsychotherapy.com/when-your-therapist-has-a-bias/
Handling conflicts of personal values
Wade, Michelle E. (2015, Apr.) Handling conflicts of personal values. Counseling.org. Retrieved from https://www.counseling.org/docs/default-source/ethics/ethics-columns/ethics_april_2015_personal-values.pdf?sfvrsn=1e24522c_4
Video: Our biases can be dangerous, even deadly —
Implicit Association Test (IAT)
Implicit Association Test
The Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) has become a very popular method to use for measuring the strengths of associations between concepts, in an indirect way. Normally the IAT is used to measure the strength of associations between an attitude object and its valence. IATs measure the relative ease with which people are able to make associations between certain groups of people (e.g., older adults) and the concepts of "good" and "bad."
Ease of association, measured by judgment speed, is taken as evidence for an implicitly-held attitude toward that social group. It is a useful tool for measuring a variety of attitudes including gender, race, and political constructs (Nosek, Greenwald, & Banaji, 2005). Over 200 scientific studies have been published using the IAT and more than 4.5 million have taken the IAT on-line. The IAT has demonstrated to be both reliable and valid at detecting an individual’s level of implicit bias.
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