Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

SPCL 7823 Seminar in Bilingual School Counseling: Session 2 - Module 2: Bilingualism & Multilingualism

Open Educational Resource (OER) created for Professor Elizalde-Utnick's SPCL 7823 course.

TASK LIST TO PREPARE FOR ZOOM SESSION

Please complete Tasks 1 to 3 PRIOR to our Zoom session on June 7:

1. Complete the readings.

Shin

Martin

Hwang

2. Prepare for Blackboard Quiz (RAT).

The 5-question multiple-choice quiz will be on the assigned readings. This RAT will be made available to you at 4:30 pm on June 7th. You will have up to 30 minutes to take the quiz.

3. Take Blackboard RAT#2 on Blackboard at 4:30 p.m. on June 7.

4. Join Zoom session at 5:00. The note-taking guide will help you take notes during class.

5. Blackboard Journal #1 Due Tuesday, June 8.

SELF-REFLECTION: EXPLORING YOUR FAMILY'S LANGUAGE STRATEGIES

What were the family language strategies used in your family when you were growing up? OPOL? ml@h? MS1?

What about now as an adult with your own parents?

If you are a parent, what strategy do you use with your children? 

SELF-REFLECTION: ACCULTURATIVE FAMILY DISTANCING

Did you experience acculturative family distancing growing up?

If so, do you recall when it started happening? What was the tipping point?

We will discuss this in class, and this will come up when you read a selection from Richard Rodriguez's Hunger of Memory.

SELF-REFLECTION: EXPLORING THE PERSON LANGUAGE BOND

Are your parents bilingual? If so, do (or did) you prefer your parents to speak to you in one language over the other? How about significant others? Does this happen with them?

We will discuss the person-language bond in class.

SUMMARY

In this session we will discuss the process of learning a second language. We will explore normal processes of second language acquisition and factors influencing the learning of multiple languages.  We will also discuss the various ways multilingual families use their languages at home and in public, and how differing rates of acculturation can lead to breakdowns in communication between family members. Session activities will consist of a quiz, discussion, and application activities.

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

  • Age
  • Motivation
  • Practice
  • Personality characteristics
  • Level of acculturation
  • Parental and community attitudes about the language
  • Degree of parents' bilingualism
  • Literacy level in the home
  • Sociocultural background
  • History of education
  • Quality of second language input

Which factor is likely to have the least amount of influence on second language learning?

A. age of initial exposure

B. learner motivation

C. practice

D. quality of second language input

VIDEO: JIM CUMMINS ON ADDITIVE AND SUBTRACTIVE BILINGUALISM

EXPLORING BICS AND CALP

BICS, or Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills, refers to a person's ability to converse with others. It is a superficial level of language proficiency, and for a second language learner, it usually takes about 1-2 years to achieve.
CALP, or Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency, refers to a person's ability to make complex meaning explicit in either oral or written modalities by means of language itself rather than contextual or paralinguistic cues. This takes a minimum of 5 to 7 years to acquire and can take up to 10 years, depending on a variety of factors that we will discuss in class.
Which group will actually take 7 to 10 years to achieve CALP in the second language? Why?
A. Those who arrive between the ages of 8 and 12 with several years of schooling
B. Those who arrive before the age of 8