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CLAS 3239 | Ancient Medicine: The Classical Roots of the Medical Humanities: Bibliography

Welcome to Ancient Medicine: The Classical Roots of the Medical Humanities, a course designed to introduce you to the main themes and ideas in the medical literature produced by the ancient Greeks and Romans.

About Bibliography

A listing of books, book chapters, and articles relevant to this course's approach to the study of ancient medicine. This list is designed to provide a launch pad for students working on research papers assigned in this course.


General Bibliography

  • Arikha, Noga. Passions and Tempers: A History of the Humours. New York 2007.
  • Asper, Markus (ed.). Writing Science: Medical and Mathematical Authorship in Ancient Greece. Berlin and Boston 2013.
  • Burkert, Walter.  Creation of the Sacred: Tracks of Biology in Early Religions.  Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press, 1996.
  • Carrick, Paul J. Medical Ethics in the Ancient World. Washington, D.C. 2001.
  • Conrad, Lawrence I.; Neve, Michael; Nutton, Vivian; Porter, Roy; Wear, Andrew. The Western Medical Tradition: 800 BC to AD 1800. Cambridge (UK) and New York 1995.
  • Cyrino, Monica S. In Pandora's Jar: Lovesickness in Early Greek Poetry. Lanham (Maryland) 1995.
  • Dean-Jones, L.A. Women’s Bodies in Classical Greek Science. Oxford 1994.
  • Dodds, E.R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Berkeley 1951.
  • Drabkin, I.E. “Remarks on Ancient Psychopathology.” Isis 46 (1955): 223-234.
  • Entralgo, Pedro Laín. The Therapy of the Word in Classical Antiquity (trans. by L.J. Rather and J.M. Sharp). New Haven 1970.
  • Flemming, Rebecca. Medicine and the Making of Roman Women: Gender, Nature, and Authority from Celsus to Galen. Oxford and New York 2000.
  • Garland, Robert. The Eye of the Beholder: Deformity and Disability in the Graeco-Roman World. London 2010.
  • Gill, Christopher. “Mind and Madness in Greek Tragedy.” Apeiron 29 (1996): 249-267.
  • Grmek, Mirko D. (ed.) Western Medical Thought From Antiquity to the Middle Ages. Cambridge (MA) 1998.
  • Grmek, Mirko Dražen. (trans. by Mireille Muellner and Leonard Muellner). Diseases in the Ancient Greek World. Baltimore 1991.
  • Grmek, Mirko Dražen. “The Concept of Disease.”  In Western Medical Thought From Antiquity to the Middle Ages (ed. Mirko D. Grmek). Cambridge (MA) 1998. 241-258.   
  • Hanawald, Jennifer. “Classics Blunders: Ancient Texts Hold Peril For Amateur Diagnosticians.” Anesthesiology News 39.4 (April 2013): 1-3.
  • Hankoff, L.D. “The hero as madman.” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 11.4 (1975): 315–33.1-3.
  • Hanson. A E. “Uterine Amulets and Greek Uterine Medicine.” Medicina nei secoli 7 (1995): 281–99.
  • Harris, W.V. (ed.) Mental Disorders in the Classical World. Leiden and Boston 2013.
  • Hartigan, Karelisa. Performance and Cure: Drama and Healing in Ancient Greece and Contemporary America. London 2009.
  • Holmes, Brooke. The Symptom and the Subject: The Emergence of the Physical Body in Ancient Greece. Princeton and Oxford 2010.
  • Horden, Peregrine. “Pain in Hippocratic Medicine.” In Religion, Health, and Suffering (eds. John R. Hinnells and Roy Porter). London and New York 1999. 295-315.
  • Horstmanshoff, H.J. “Galen and His Patients.” In Ancient Medicine in Its Socio-Cultural Context (ed. by Philip van der Eijk). Amsterdam 1995: 83-99.
  • Horstmanshoff, H.F.J. and Stol, M. (eds.) Magic and Rationality in the Ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman Medicine. Leiden 2004.
  • Jackson, Stanley W. Melancholia and Depression: From Hippocratic Times to Modern Times. New Haven 1986.
  • Jouanna, Jacques (trans. by Malcolm B. DeBevoise). Hippocrates. Baltimore 2001.
  • Jouanna, Jacques.  “The Birth of Western Medical Art.”  In Western Medical Thought From Antiquity to the Middle Ages. (ed. Mirko D. Grmek). Cambridge (MA) 1998. 22-71.
  • King, Helen. Hippocrates' Woman: Reading the Female Body in Ancient Greece. London and New York 1998.
  • Kosak, Jennifer Clarke. Heroic Measures: Hippocratic Medicine in the Making of Euripidean Tragedy. Leiden 2004.
  • Kuriyama, Shigehisa. The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese Medicine. New York 1999.
  • Laes, Christian, Goodey, C.F., and Rose, M. (eds.), Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies A Capite ad Calcem. Mnemosyne, supplements. History and archaeology of classical antiquity.  Leiden and Boston 2013.
  • Lang, Phillippa. Medicine and Society in Ptolemaic Egypt. Leiden and Boston 2013.
  • Laskaris, J. The Art is Long: On the Sacred Disease and the Scientific Tradition. Leiden 2002.
  • Lawlor, Clark. From Melancholia to Prozac: A History of Depression. New York 2012.
  • Lefkowitz, Mary R. Heroines and Hysterics. New York 1981.
  • Lehoux, Daryn. What Did the Romans Know?: An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking. Chicago and London 2012.
  • Levin, Susan B. Plato's Rivalry With Medicine: A Struggle and Its Dissolution. Oxford and New York 2014.
  • Longrigg, James. 1998. Greek Medicine: From the Heroic to the Hellenistic Age. London 1998.
  • Lloyd, G.E.R. Hippocratic Writings. London and New York 1978.
  • Lloyd, G.E.R. “Who Is Attacked in On Ancient Medicine?” In Methods and Problems in Greek Science (ed. Lloyd). Cambridge 1991: 49-69.
  • Lloyd, G.E.R. In the Grip of Disease: Studies in the Greek Imagination. Oxford 2003.
  • Majno, Guido. The Healing Hand: Man and Wound in the Ancient World. Cambridge (MA) 1991.
  • Mattern, Susan. The Prince of Medicine: Galen in the Roman World. Oxford and New York 2013.
  • Meineck, Peter and Konstan, David (eds.). Combat Trauma and the Ancient Greeks. New York 2014.
  • Michaelides, Demetrios (ed.), Medicine and Healing in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Including the proceedings of the international conference with the same title, organised in the framework of the Research Project INTERREG IIIA: Greece/Cyprus 2000/2006, Joint Educational and Research Programmes in the History and Archaeology of Medicine, Palaeopathology, and Palaeoradiation, and the 1st International CAPP Symposium 'New Approaches to Archaeological Human Remains in Cyprus'.   Oxford and Philadelphia 2014.
  • Miller, Harold W. “Medical Terminology in Tragedy.” Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 75 (1944): 156-167.
  • Mitchell-Boyask, Robin. Plague and the Athenian Imagination: Drama, History, and the Cult of Asclepius. Cambridge 2008.
  • Nutton, Vivian. Ancient Medicine. Second Edition. London and New York 2013. 
  • Oyebode, Femi. Madness at the Theatre. London 2012.
  • Padel, Ruth. In and Out of Mind: Greek Images of the Tragic Self. Princeton 1992.
  • Padel, Ruth. Whom Gods Destroy: Elements of Greek and Tragic Madness. Princeton 1995.
  • Penrose, Walter D. “The Discourse of Disability in Ancient Greece.” Classical World 108.4 (Summer 2015): 499-523.
  • Power, Carl and Rasko, John E.J. “Whither Prometheus' Liver? Greek Myth and the Science of Regeneration.” Annals of Internal Medicine 149.6 (Sept. 2008): 421-426.
  • Rey, Roselyne (trans. by Louise Elliott Wallace, J. A. Cadden, and S. W. Cadden). The History of Pain. Cambridge (MA) 1995.
  • Rose, Martha L. The Staff of Oedipus: Transforming Disability in Ancient Greece. Ann Arbor 2003.
  • Scarborough, John. Roman Medicine. London 1969.
  • Scarborough, John. “Celsus on Human Vivisection at Alexandria.” Clio Medica 11 (1976): 25-38.
  • Simon, Bennett. Mind and Madness in Ancient Greece: The Classical Roots of Modern Psychiatry. Ithaca 1978.
  • Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors. New York 1990. 
  • Todman, Donald. “Epilepsy in the Graeco-Roman World: Hippocratic Medicine and Asklepian Temple Medicine Compared.” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 17.4  (Oct. 2008): 435-441.      
  • Toohey, Peter.  “Love, Lovesickness, and Melancholy.” Illinois Classical Studies 17 (1992): 265-286.
  • Toohey, Peter. Melancholy, Love, and Time: Boundaries of the Self in Ancient Literature. Ann Arbor 2004.
  • van der Eijk, Philip J. “The ‘Theology’ of the Hippocratic Treatise On the Sacred Disease.” Apeiron 23 (1990): 87-119.
  • van der Eijk, Philip. “Introduction.” In Magic and Rationality in Ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman Medicine (ed. by H.F.J. Horstmanshoff and M. Stol) Leiden 2004. 1-10.
  • van der Eijk, Philip J. Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease. Cambridge 2005.
  • van Lommel, Korneel. “Heroes and Outcasts: Ambiguous Attitudes Towards Impaired and Disfigured Roman Veterans.” Classical World 109.1 (Fall 2015): 91-117.
  • von Staden, Heinrich. Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria. Cambridge and New York 1989.
  • von Staden, Heinrich. “Apud Nos Foediora Verba: Celsus’ Reluctant Construction of the Female Body.”  In Le latin médical: La constitution d’un langage scientifique (ed. by Guy Sabbah). Sainte-Étienne 1991. 271-296.
  • von Staden, Heinrich. “The Discovery of the Body: Human Dissection and Its Cultural Contexts in Ancient Greece.” Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 65 (1992): 223-241.
  • von Staden, Heinrich. “Affinities and Elisions: Helen and Hellenocentricism.” Isis 83.4 (1992): 578-595.
  • Wickkiser, Bronwen L. Asklepios, Medicine, and the Politics of Healing in Fifth-Century Greece: Between Craft and Cult. Baltimore 2008.