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SPCL 7804 Human Development: Session 5: Unit 2 – The Early Years, continued

Open Educational Resource (OER) created for Professor Elizalde-Utnick's SPCL 7804 course.


Please complete the following PRIOR to Session 5:

1. Complete the readings.

Text Ch. 4, pp. 115-138 (Library linkPDF link)

2. Self-Reflect.

  • Consider how Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories apply to your own developmental experiences.
  • Continue gathering data from your early childhood.

3. Review for Quiz#5.

The 5-question multiple-choice quiz will be on the assigned reading.

VIDEO: Example of Egocentrism Using Piaget’s Three-Mountain Task

VIDEO: Example of Centration – Lack of Conservation


In this session we will explore the preschool child’s acquisition of skills in several developmental domains: motor skills; self-help skills; and cognitive development. We will focus much of the session’s time discussing cognitive development, particularly, Piaget’s preoperational period, Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development, and information-processing theory.  We will begin with a quiz on the assigned reading and then discuss the material and engage in application activities.

VIDEO: Piaget vs. Vygotsky on External Speech

Piaget called external speech “egocentric speech,” representing its non-communicative nature and lack of perspective-taking. In contrast, Vygotsky considered external speech to serve a self-regulatory role. Can you identify this latter function in the video?