Technology creates an unprecedented opportunity to expand access to knowledge. Yet, our systems for communicating knowledge still have many of the same cost barriers and use limitations present in the pre-Internet, print-based world. This is especially true for educational resources. The cost of college textbooks has risen rapidly, forcing many students to forgo required materials due to the expense. Studies conducted at Virginia State University and Houston Community College found that students who used open textbooks tended to have higher graduation and lower withdrawal rather than their peers who used traditional textbooks  . College textbook prices rose 82% between 2003 and 2013, approximately triple the rate o in the Nation in overall consumer prices (CPI) during the same time (27%) . 65% of students report not purchasing a textbook because of its high price.
. The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).
 Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2014. Consumer Price Index Databases. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm
 Hilton III, J., & Laman, C. 2012. One college’s use of an open psychology textbook. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 27(3), 265-272.
 Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton III, J., & Wiley, D. 2012. Open Textbooks and Increased Student Access and Outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning.
OER-Enabled Pedagogy is the set of teaching and learning practices only practical in the context of the 5R permissions characteristic of open educational resources. Some people – but not all – use the terms “open pedagogy” or “open educational practices” synonymously.
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