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This Library Guide was created to help Brooklyn College faculty create Open Educational Resources (OER) for Brooklyn College students and beyond

(OER) Faculty Guide on Open Educational Resources: OER Research and Open Pedagogy

Learn to create OER

Why Create or Use OERs?

Technology creates an unprecedented opportunity to expand access to knowledge. Yet, our systems for communicating knowledge still have many of the same cost barriers and use limitations present in the pre-Internet, print-based world. This is especially true for educational resources. The cost of college textbooks has risen rapidly, forcing many students to forgo required materials due to the expense. Studies conducted at Virginia State University and Houston Community College found that students who used open textbooks tended to have higher graduation and lower withdrawal rather than their peers who used traditional textbooks [3] [4]. College textbook prices rose 82% between 2003 and 2013, approximately triple the rate o in the Nation in overall consumer prices (CPI) during the same time (27%) [2]. 65% of students report not purchasing a textbook because of its high price.

[1]. The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).

[2] Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2014. Consumer Price Index Databases.

[3] Hilton III, J., & Laman, C. 2012. One college’s use of an open psychology textbook. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 27(3), 265-272.

[4] Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton III, J., & Wiley, D. 2012. Open Textbooks and Increased Student Access and Outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning.

Reports on OERs

CUNY Resources

OER Pedagogy

OER-Enabled Pedagogy is the set of teaching and learning practices only practical in the context of the 5R permissions characteristic of open educational resources. Some people – but not all – use the terms “open pedagogy” or “open educational practices” synonymously.

  • Studies have shown that OERs often contain multimedia content that increases comprehension, retention, and creates learning stimuli. Multimedia enhances and illustrates concepts and examples in ways that static print textbooks do not.
  • Easy to customize, offer multiple perspectives and up-to-date information.
  • Empower your students in their learning by inviting them to submit open content to be reviewed by you for inclusion in your course. Teach them analytical skills, how to evaluate information and improve their digital literacy.
  • Create renewable assignments instead of disposable assignments supporting students as knowledge creators instead of just knowledge consumers.  
  • Increased access to course content via mobile devices.
  • How can you use OERs in your classroom to improve your teaching? What does it mean to incorporate open pedagogy in your course? Here are some suggestions to make collaboration and sharing an integral part of your teaching.