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Health Sciences Research Guide: Annotated Bibliography Tips

Annotated Bibliographies

What is an annotated bibliography?

A bibliography in which a brief explanatory or evaluative note is added to each reference or citation. An annotation can be helpful to the researcher in evaluating whether the source is relevant to a given topic or line of inquiry.

From: Reitz, Joan M. "ODLIS: Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science." 2004. Libraries Unlimited. 28 Sep 2004


How do you write an annotation?

An annotation is a brief description of a work such as an article, chapter of a book, book, Web site, or movie. An annotation attempts to give enough information to make a decision as to whether or not to read the complete work. Annotations may be descriptive or critical.

From:  "How to Write Annotated Bibliographies." 22 April 2003. Memorial University Libraries. University of Newfoundland. 28 Sep 2004


Step 1:  Write a brief summary of the work.

This summary should include:

--the purpose of the work
--the conclusions or findings of the work
--the audience of the work, if given

Step 2:  Write a brief evaluation of the work.

This evaluation may include:

--the authority of the author
--a comparison of this work to others on the topic
--an explanation of why this work is or is not useful to this topic
--a discussion of any bias in the work


Annotated Bibliography Examples: