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Academic Integrity Tutorial for Undergraduates: To Cite or Not to Cite?

To Cite or Not to Cite?


Job aid for writers to help avoid plagiarism

This flow chart is from Indiana University's "How to Recognize Plagiarism Tutorial."

You DO Need to Cite:

​You DO Need To Cite:

  • If you're quoting from, paraphrasing, or summarizing another author's ideas or work, in any format including: websites, books, songs, television programs, social media (Twitter, Facebook), etc.
  • If using an image, chart, or diagram created by someone else.

You DO NOT Need to Cite:

​You DO NOT Need to Cite:

  • If you're using your own thoughts, ideas, opinions, observations, or experimental results.
  • If you're using common knowledge.

The Academic Integrity Quiz