Skip to Main Content

PHIL 2101: Introduction to Philosophy: Pascal

OER for Prof. Dunn and Prof. Kang

About Blaise Pascal

Painting of Blaise Pascal made by François II Quesnel for Gérard Edelinck in 1691Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher, who laid the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities.

Mathematician Blaise Pascal was born on June 19, 1623, in Clermont-Ferrand, France. In the 1640s he invented the Pascaline, an early calculator, and further validated Evangelista Torricelli's theory concerning the cause of barometrical variations. In the 1650s, Pascal laid the foundation of probability theory with Pierre de Fermat and published the theological work Les Provinciales, a groundbreaking series of letters that defended his Jansenist faith. Pascal is also widely known for his body of notes posthumously released as the Pensées. He died in Paris on August 19, 1662.


Read more here.

Image source: 

Unknown; a copy of the painting of François II Quesnel. (1690). Blaise Pascal (1623-1672) [Oil on canvas]. Retrieved from

Biography source: Editors. (2017, November 17). Blaise Pascal Biography. Retrieved October 31, 2018, from

Open Resource Texts of Pascal

Brooklyn College Library Texts of Pascal

Open Multimedia on Pascal

Password Protected Texts on Pascal