Anderson, Chapter 5. “State Formation and Colonial Control: Turkey, Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Transjordan and Saudi Arabia in the 1920s and 1930s,” 199-239.
Maktabi, Rania. “The Lebanese Census of 1932 Revisited. Who Are the Lebanese?,” The British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Nov., 1999), pp. 219-241
Choose one of the two articles for class discussion on October 6 (will be divided in class):
Khoury, Philip S. "Syrian Urban Politics in Transition: The Quarters of Damascus during the French Mandate." International Journal of Middle East Studies 16, no. 4 (1984): 507-40.
Hanna Batatu “Of the Diversity of Iraqis, the Incohesiveness of their Society, and their Progress in the Monarchic Period toward a Consolidated Political Structure,” in his book The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements in Iraq (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978), Chapter 2.