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What are Open Education Resources?

What Are Open Educational Resources?

Open Educational Resources (OERs) are teaching, learning, and research resources released under an open license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OERs can be textbooks, full courses, lesson plans, videos, tests, software, or any other tool, material, or technique that supports access to knowledge. [1]  This guide was created to help faculty create Open Educational Resources (OER) for Brooklyn College students and beyond. The guide has information on best practices when creating an OER, information on how to create OER which are accessible to all users, information on where to find OER resources which you can use, reuse, remix, adapt and modify for your courses and information on the pedagogy of OER. This site also provides access to OER resources already created by Brooklyn College faculty.

Table of Contents

The 5Rs of Openness

The Open Education movement is built around the 5Rs of Openness

  • RETAIN: The right to make, own, and control copies of the content
  • REUSE: The right to use the content in a wide range of ways (in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  • REVISE: The right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (translate the content into another language)
  • REMIX: The right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (Incorporate the content into a mashup)
  • REDISTRIBUTE: The right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (give a copy of the content to a friend)

Why Create or Use OER?

Why Create or Use OERs?

Technology creates an unprecedented opportunity to expand access to knowledge. Yet, our systems for communicating knowledge still have many of the same cost barriers and use limitations present in the pre-Internet, print-based world. This is especially true for educational resources. The cost of college textbooks has risen rapidly, forcing many students to forgo required materials due to the expense.

Studies conducted at Virginia State University and Houston Community College found that students who used open textbooks tended to have higher graduation and lower withdrawal rather than their peers who used traditional textbooks [3][4].

College textbook prices rose 82% between 2003 and 2013, approximately triple the rate o in the Nation in overall consumer prices (CPI) during the same time (27%) [2]. 65% of students report not purchasing a textbook because of its high price.

[1]. The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).

[2] Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2014. Consumer Price Index Databases.

[3] Hilton III, J., & Laman, C. 2012. One college’s use of an open psychology textbook. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 27(3), 265-272.

[4] Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton III, J., & Wiley, D. 2012. Open Textbooks and Increased Student Access and Outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning.

Why Open Education Matters

Info on OERs in the real world

 Flipped Classroom Field Guide lists many successful cases of flipped classrooms. Not all the cases you see here are with OERs. You can take it a step forward and utilize and share learning materials 

The University of Michigan Chemical Process